Hotel design is a meticulously planned process that kicks off with a concept and culminates in detailed documentation. Every hotel design is unique, tailored to meet the expectations of future guests, and stands as a harmonious blend of architectural brilliance and intricate design.
Project by KPD.design Park Voyage Hotel Lobby
When our team embarks on designing hotels, we primarily consider the target audience, location, and overall hotel concept, since these directly correlate to the hotel's profitability. The star rating classification, awarded post-construction, also plays a pivotal role in determining profitability. Thus, often, our mission is to design a hotel complex that aligns with its projected star rating. Here, one could start from the base classification requirements, indicating the desired "star" level for a resort hotel, inn, or boarding house.
As previously mentioned, for a hotel to secure a star rating, it has to undergo a specific classification. In Russia, this classification follows the rules set by SP 257.1325800 2016 “Hotel Buildings Design Rules”. This set of rules categorizes objects based on comfort levels. The star count awarded to a hotel is determined by a myriad of criteria.
Star ratings range from one to five. If a hotel meets all criteria, it achieves the pinnacle - a "five-star" rating. However, non-compliance with certain prerequisites could deprive a hotel of its star status. The Order of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation No. 1215 details the procedure for assigning star ratings to tourism sector establishments. Stars are conferred based on a point system, employed when evaluating a hotel. Distinct assessment criteria exist for accommodations (hotels) with less than 50 rooms and those with 50 or more, resort hotels, heritage site hotels, aparthotels, and boarding houses. The document also outlines requirements for beaches and ski slopes.
Points are garnered based on specific parameters, encompassing room amenities, and the quality of services provided. For instance, parameters might include the availability of bathrobes in 100% of the rooms, bidets or hygiene showers in at least 50% of the rooms, on-site restaurants or cafes, operating hours of public eateries, fitness centers, saunas, parking space, security presence in parking areas, elevators, swimming pools, or covered entrances. We won't delve deep into the exhaustive list of classification parameters – they're elaborately described in the aforementioned document.
To evaluate a hotel or another lodging facility, a six-stage process is employed:
The star rating of a hotel indicates not only its comfort level but also the standard of service provided to its guests. Hence, it's vital to consider the star rating early in the hotel planning and design stages.
Designing a One-Star Hotel: Focus should be on cost-effectiveness and functionality. Such a hotel should prioritize basic service provisions. One-star and two-star hotels are often termed budget or economy hotels. They offer essential amenities and services for basic accommodation. In a one-star hotel, expect simple furnishings, basic room equipment, and a small bathroom. Rooms in these hotels might be modest in size, cleaned less frequently than in more upscale hotels, and might lack air conditioning or TVs, with safes possibly located at reception.
Designing a Two-Star Hotel: Additional services need to be considered. These might include in-room Wi-Fi, a TV, air conditioning, and possibly guest dining options such as a cafe or kitchen. While two-star hotels predominantly feature basic rooms with minimal amenities, they aren't significantly different from one-star hotels in terms of services and facilities. A restaurant, cafe, or bar might be available, but it's not guaranteed.
Overall, economy hotels cater to travelers seeking simple, affordable lodging without added services or luxuries. However, when opting for such hotels, it's essential to remember that the comfort and service quality might be inferior compared to higher-starred establishments.
3. Three-Star Hotel Design: A three-star hotel is a mid-range establishment offering a comfortable stay with a range of amenities. Typically, guests can expect room cleaning services, air conditioning, televisions, Wi-Fi, mini-bars, safes, dining options, and potentially even a sauna or fitness center. A 24/7 front desk service is crucial, ensuring guest accessibility at all times. Safety and security are paramount, so surveillance cameras and secured parking are essential.
Design specifications for three-star hotels include:
Compared to budget hotels (1-2 stars), three-star establishments promise a superior level of comfort, with a diverse range of room categories, from economy to luxury suites.
Essential design norms for a three-star hotel include:
4. Designing a Four-Star Hotel: When crafting a four-star hotel, luxury, comfort, safety, and privacy take center stage. These hotels offer a more upscale experience than their three-star counterparts, featuring amenities such as restaurants, bars, and gym facilities. Rooms in four-star hotels tend to be more spacious, boasting additional luxuries like bathrobes, slippers, hairdryers, and more.
Key design specifications include:
These specifications, tailored for an SEO-friendly and reader-friendly format, ensure that prospective hoteliers or customers understand the distinctions and expectations for different hotel star ratings.
4. Four-Star Hotel Design Guidelines: Based on the "Hotel Building Design Rules", the following are essential requirements for a four-star hotel:
5. Five-Star Hotel Design: A five-star hotel is the epitome of luxury and top-notch service quality. Typically, these establishments offer room cleaning services twice a day. In 4-5 star hotels, standard rooms can range from 20 to 30 square meters or even more.
For five-star hotel designs, the existing norms encompass the following:
When designing or assessing luxury hotels, these criteria help in setting apart the elite establishments, ensuring guests receive the highest level of service and amenities.
One of the most crucial parameters determining a hotel's star rating is its room stock.
Room stock refers to the total number of rooms in a hotel, which can be classified into different categories based on their type, area, equipment, and services offered to guests. The variety in a hotel's room stock can significantly impact its star rating.
The requirement for a diverse room stock begins with three-star hotels. They might have rooms of two types: standard and family (suite), for instance. Four-star hotels should have at least three room types: standard, junior, and suite. A five-star hotel should comprise at least four room types and subtypes: standard, junior, suite, and deluxe suite.
Project by KPD.design - Tender room visualization
Standard is a single-room accommodation in a hotel (or any other lodging place), often accompanied by an entryway, an equipped bathroom, and a balcony suitable for 1-2 people. Some hotels feature upgraded standard rooms, distinguished by a larger area and a bigger bed.
Junior is a room consisting of an equipped bathroom and a single space, tentatively divided into two areas - the bed alcove and the living area.
Suite is a room in a hotel with a total area of no less than 35 m^2, consisting of two living rooms - a living room and a bedroom, along with a full bathroom (sink, toilet, bath, or shower), typically designed for one/two person(s).
Deluxe Suite is a room with an improved layout, which includes more than one bedroom and an equipped bathroom (or two bathrooms). For flexibility, some smaller hotels combine two standard rooms through a door. Such rooms are suitable for families: parents sleep in one room while children sleep in the other. These rooms may feature adjustable beds, converting from two single beds into one double bed and vice versa. This design doesn't add extra points for classification.
In line with legislative requirements, a hotel must have a specified number of rooms for each category. If a hotel does not meet these requirements, it cannot be awarded a star rating.
Thus, for one-star hotels, it is typical to have single rooms with an area of no less than 9 square meters and double rooms with an area of no less than 12 square meters. Additionally, the rooms should have beds with orthopedic mattresses, bedside tables, a desk, chairs, and mirrors. Bathrooms should be equipped with either a shower or bathtub, sink, toilet, and should provide hot and cold water. Rooms should come with bedding, towels, soap, and shampoo.
Two-star hotels offer a broader room selection, including higher-priced rooms. For example, besides single and double rooms, such hotels might provide studio rooms or suites, as well as rooms with views of the sea or the city. Room sizes can also be larger, and the equipment quality higher.
Furthermore, two-star hotels can offer additional amenities for their guests, such as in-room safes, air conditioners, mini-bars, saunas, swimming pools, and so on. Such additional services can elevate the hotel's level.
Project by KPD.design Rooftop Hotel Restaurant
An essential factor for three-star and higher hotels is the quality of service and staff. In hotels of this comfort level, the staff should have professional skills and hospitality to ensure top-notch guest service.
The variety in room stock and comfortable conditions in three-star and above hotels allow for a higher classification. Proper hotel design, considering all requirements for each room category, and equipping the hotel with all necessary amenities and services, ensures a high comfort level for guests.
In four and five-star hotels, it's mandatory to provide "suite" or "apartment" rooms that offer amenities distinct from standard rooms, like a separate living area, a large bathroom with a jacuzzi, a private pool, etc. These rooms should also include additional furniture and equipment.
8 Hotel-Inspired Tips Worth Applying at Home - Read HERE.
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